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Bagwagaza Concessions 1890


Hnow all men whom it may concern,

THAT a full meeting of the Council of the Bagwagaza nation was held at Manhlagaza n the 4th day of October, 1890, and it was there agreed that I, Ungugunyan, the Paramount Chief or Ring of the said nation, should enter into this solemn agreement, and, for the considerations hereinafter mentioned, should for myself and my heirs and successors, and on behalf of ray said nation, give and grant imto Aurel Schulz, in his capacity as the representative of the British South Africa Conapauy, hereinafter called "the Company,” the sole, absolute, and entire perpetual right and power to do the following acts over the whole or any portion of the territory of the said nation, or any future extension thereof, including all subject and dependent territories:—

(a.) To search, prospect, exploit, dig for, and keep all metals and minerals.

(b.) To construct, improve, equip, work, manage, and control public works and conveniences of all kinds, including railways, tramways, docks, harbours, roads, bridges, piers, wharves, canals, reservoirs, waterworks, embankments, viaducts, irrigations reclamation improvement, sewage drainage, sanitary, water, gas, electric, or any other mode of light, telephonic telegraph power supply, and all other works and conveniences of general or public utility.

(c.) To carry on business of miners, quarry-owners, metallurgists, mechanical engineers, iron-founders, builders and contractors, ship-owners, ship-builders, brick-makers, warehousemen, merchants, importers, exporters, and to buy, sell, and deal in goods or properfy of all lands.

(d.) To carry on the business of banking in all branches.

(e.) To buy, sell, refine, manipulate, mint, and deal in bullion, specie, coin, and precious metals.

(f.) To manufacture and import arms and ammunition of all kinds.

{g.) To do all such things as are incidental or conducive to the exercise, attainment, or protection of all or any of the rights, powers, and concessions hereby granted.

And I further agree and bind myself, and successors, and nation not to enter into any Treaty of Alliance with' any Chief, person, Company, or State, or to grant any Concession of land without the consent of the Company in writing; it being understood that this covenant shall be considered in the light of a Treaty Of Alliance made between the said nation and the Government of Her Britannic Majesty Queen Victoria.

And, in consideration hereof I, Aurel Schulz, on behalf, of the Company, hereby undertake and agree to protect the said King and nation from all outside interference or attacks, and to support and maintain the said Chief and his lawful successors in the constitutional maintenance and exercise over his subjects of his powers and authority, and the Company hereby undertakes to hold its servants liable for any ill-treatment or interference with any of the King’s native subjects, and the Company further hereby agrees and undertakes, in token of the amicable and friendly relations subsisting between the King and the Company, to appoint and maintain in the said territory a British Resident, with a suitable retinue and suite of British subjects, and an escort of British police for the due maintenance of law and order within the said territory.

The Company hereby further agrees that it will, under the King’s supervision and authority, aid and assist in the establishment and propagation of the Christian religion, and the education and civilization of the native subjects of the King by the establishment, maintenance, and endowment of such churches, schools, and trading-stations as may be from time to time mutually agreed on by the King and the Resident hereinbefore mentioned, and by the extension and equipment of telegraph, and of regular services of postal and transport communications.

And the Company lastly undertakes and agrees to pay to the said Chief or King, and his successors in perpetuity, an annual sum of 500l., or the equivalent thereof in trading goods, at the option of the King.

(Signed) AUREL SCHULZ, Representative of Ihe British South Africa Company. UNGUGUNYAN M. DANGAZI, Ms x mark, King or Chief of Gazaland. Witnesses: (Signed) J. S. JAMESON. DENNIS DOYEE. J. K. FELZ. I, the Undersigned, declare that this document has been duly and fully translated to Engungunyan, King of Gazaland, and his Chief Coimcillors, and that he and they fully understand the contents contained therein. (Signed) R. T. FELZ, Adviser to King Ungugunyan. Witnesses: (Signed) J. S. JAMESON. JOHN AP. STEVENS. DENNIS DOYEE.